Talking the Tropics With Mike: Low pressure organizing over the Central Atlantic....

Keeping an eye on the Caribbean

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The Caribbean/Gulf of Mexico & SW Atlantic will remain the areas to keep an eye on over the next couple of weeks (climatologically favored too). However, there is nothing threatening through the upcoming weekend into early next week.

Big Picture:

The tropics are in their “percolating” stage as I like to call it. More or less a resting period with not a whole of “action”, at least in the short term. Next week the upper levels of the atmosphere will undergo a big change as a deep & strong trough of low pressure digs into the Central U.S. becoming the prominent “player” on the weather stage by next weekend. This trough will likely have a lot to say about where & how any tropical systems might move. So as quiet as the tropics are through this weekend, it appears it will be quite the opposite within a week or so.

The Areas to Watch:

(1) low pressure is developing over the Central Atlantic. This low will essentially meander as a nontropical low initially through early next week gradually becoming subtropical. As the low strengthens & becomes more warm core & starts to drift to some semblance of the west, the low is likely to become purely tropical through next week & strengthen. Eventually... the low should turn more northward - or northeast - over the West Atlantic staying east - as it would appear now - of the U.S. east coast but could become an “issue” for Bermuda by next weekend or the following week. The low may ultimately become a hurricane.

(2) The GFS model in particular.... & now most of the long range models - has been reasonably consistent in developing low pressure & an eventual tropical cyclone over the Caribbean that then moves north/northeast between Oct. 21 & 28th but are not at all consistent otherwise. Where the potential system would go & how strong it might be has varied considerably from one day to the next with a tendency to delay the development some. The Caribbean is an area favored for late season tropical development + the GFS has been decent at picking up on long range development this season (not necessarily the long term details/track). The European & UKMET at least indicate lower pressures but are otherwise - at least so far - not as aggressive on this potential feature.... & are also delaying what development they are showing. The latter is quite plausible (later/slower developing system). This kind of set-up is notorious for slow development but once established, a strong tropical cyclone can evolve that then gets pulled north or northeast due to the typically farther south latitude jet stream (vs. earlier in the season, especially Aug./Sept.).

This is a heads-up & ‘First Alert’ for the Caribbean & Southeast U.S./Eastern Gulf regarding tropical “trouble” late next week/next weekend &/or possibly into the following week.

Where Atlantic tropical cyclones have formed mid to late Oct. since 1966, by Phil Klotzbach:

October tropical cyclone origin points are clustered over the Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico & SW Atlantic:

Atlantic Basin wave forecast for 24, 48 & 72 hours respectively (major wave action at Fl./Ga. beaches through early next week due to persistent brisk onshore flow (high pressure to the north) combined with easterly swells from distant Teddy:

Saharan dust:

2020 names..... “Wilfred” was the last name on the Atlantic list (names are picked at random by the World Meteorological Organization... repeat every 6 years... historic storms are retired (Florence & Michael in ’18 & Dorian is certain to be retired from the ’19 list). Interesting side note: the last six of the names on the ’20 list had never been used. So it’s on to the Greek alphabet now. “Epsilon” is next... the first time the Greek alphabet has been used since 2005 (total of 27 named storms using 6 Greek letter names in ’05)

East Atlantic:

Mid & upper level wind shear (enemy of tropical cyclones) analysis (CIMMS). The red lines indicate strong shear:

Water vapor imagery (dark blue indicates dry air):

Deep oceanic heat content is impressive across the SW Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico & especially the Caribbean:

Sea surface temp. anomalies:

SE U.S. surface map:

Surface analysis centered on the tropical Atlantic:

Surface analysis of the Gulf:


Global tropical activity:

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